What to Do When Your Child Falls and Hits Their Head: A Parent’s Guide


As parents, we know that accidents can happen, and children are often full of energy and curiosity, making falls and bumps a common occurrence. When your child falls and hits their head, it can be a scary experience, but knowing how to respond calmly and effectively is crucial. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to take when your child has a head injury.

1. Stay Calm:

Your child looks to you for reassurance and guidance. While it’s natural to feel worried, try to stay as calm as possible. A composed demeanor will help comfort your child during this stressful time.

2. Assess the Situation:

Before taking any action, assess the severity of the fall and the impact on your child. Look for signs of distress or pain, and ask them how they’re feeling. If your child is unconscious, bleeding heavily, or you suspect a serious injury, call 911 or your local emergency number immediately.

3. Comfort and Reassure:

Hold and comfort your child. Reassure them that you are there to help and that you will take care of them. Keep their head and neck as still as possible to prevent further injury.

4. Check for Visible Injuries:

Gently inspect the area where your child hit their head. Look for any cuts, bruises, or swelling. Apply a clean cloth or bandage to any bleeding wounds to stop the bleeding, but avoid applying pressure to head injuries unless necessary.

5. Monitor for Signs of a Serious Head Injury:

Keep a close eye on your child for the next 24 hours, watching for any signs of a serious head injury, including:

  • Loss of consciousness, even briefly
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Unequal pupil size or pupils that don’t react to light
  • Confusion, drowsiness, or difficulty waking up
  • Clear fluid or blood draining from the nose or ears
  • Changes in behavior, such as irritability or unusual clumsiness
  • Severe or worsening headache

If any of these symptoms occur, seek immediate medical attention.

6. Rest and Observation:

It’s important to keep your child awake for the first few hours after the injury to monitor for any concerning symptoms. If your child falls asleep, check on them frequently and wake them up every few hours to assess their condition.

7. Contact a Healthcare Professional:

If your child displays any of the concerning symptoms mentioned earlier or if you’re unsure about the severity of the head injury, contact your child’s pediatrician or visit the nearest urgent care or emergency room. It’s better to err on the side of caution when it comes to head injuries.

8. Follow Medical Advice:

If a healthcare professional evaluates your child, follow their advice carefully. They may recommend further observation, imaging tests, or specific instructions for monitoring at home.

9. Prevent Future Falls:

To reduce the risk of future falls and head injuries, childproof your home and supervise your child during activities where falls are more likely, such as climbing or running.

Remember that every child is different, and the severity of head injuries can vary. Trust your instincts as a parent, and always seek medical attention if you have concerns about your child’s well-being. Your swift and appropriate response can make a significant difference in their recovery.

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